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European Union and Rural Development of 2014. To 2020.

The EU's rural development Policy is constantly evolving to respond to the challenges that arise in rural areas. The Latest reform process, which monitors broader changes in the EU's Common agricultural Policy (ZZP), was essentially completed in December 2013. The approval of the basic legislative acts for the period of 2014. To 2020. In line with the Europe 2020 strategy. And overall objectives of the CAP can be indicated by the three long-term strategic objectives of the EU's rural development policy in the period from 2014. To 2020:

  • Fostering the competitiveness of agriculture
  • Sustainable management of natural resources and actions against climate change and
  • To achieve a balanced territorial development of rural economies and communities, including the creation and retention of jobs.

Reform of the 2013. The number of key features of rural development policy from the 2007 period. To 2013. Specifically, as in the past, this policy will be implemented by means of national and/or regional rural development programmes (RDPS) lasting seven years. However, in general, the reform from 2013. Changes by:

  • Improves the strategic approach to the development of RDPS
  • Strengthens the content of rural development measures
  • Simplifies rules and/or reduces the administrative burden in relation to them where possible and
  • Linking the rural development policy closer to other European structural and investment funds.

Member States will have to create their RDPS on the basis of at least four of the six EU common priorities:

  1. Fostering knowledge transfer and innovation in agriculture, forestry and rural areas
  2. Enhancing the cost-effectiveness and competitiveness of all types of agriculture and promoting innovative agricultural technologies and sustainable forest management
  3. Promoting food supply chain organisation, animal welfare and risk management in agriculture
  4. restoring, preserving and enhancing ecosystems related to agriculture and forestry;
  5. Promoting resource efficiency and fostering a shift towards a low-carbon economy resilient to climate change in the agricultural, food and forestry sectors
  6. Promoting social inclusion, combating poverty and economic development in rural areas.

Each Rural Development Priority further identifies more detailed areas for interventions ("areas of interest"). Within their RDPS, Member States/regions determine quantified targets for these areas of interest based on the analysis of the needs of the area covered by the RDP. They then determine what measures they will use to achieve those objectives and how much funding they will allocate to each measure. The Funds are taken partly from the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and partly from national/regional and sometimes private sources. The Implementation and impact of the policy is monitored and evaluated in detail. Source: EU Agriculture and rural development